Syllable Stacking Rules

A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "vertical vowel" is written with the consonant on the left and the vowel on the right:

n
n
+a
a
=na
na

A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "horizontal vowel" is written with the consonant on top and the vowel underneath:

m
m
+o
o
=mo
mo

If a syllable has a consonant, vowel, and consonant, the final consonant, called patch'im (meaning "supporting floor" in Korean) goes to the bottom -- or floor -- of that syllable.

m
m
+a
a
+n
n
=man
man
m
m
+o
o
+k
k
=mok
mok

Notice that all these examples follow the basic rule that all syllables must begin with a consonant. This means that we may have a problem...

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