“To Be” Sentences

You’ll need these sentences when you want to ask questions and give simple answers for learning new words:

What is this?
This is a pencil.

You will need these new words (see a quick note about them):

이것 this thing (near to speaker)
그것 that thing (near to listener), or
"that thing" that was mentioned in a previous sentence
저것 that thing (far from speaker and listener)

and these words:

친구 friend
누구 who?
(the question word)
무엇 what?
(the question word)

And, since the words and end with a consonant, you need the -이 subject marker:

(Menu)Sentence Types