Existence Verb Sentences

We have seen in a previous section that “to be” is used in sentences to mean “is equivalent to”:

This is a pencil.

However, sometimes “to be” means “to exist”:

The pencil is on the chair. (The pencil exists on the chair.)
There is a school in Seoul. (The school exists in Seoul.)

We’ll need one more particle, , which means in, at, or on, in order to make sentences like the ones above, and we’ll need these words:

있다 to exist
없다 to not exist
의자 chair
(Menu)Sentence Types